Find here the publications based upon work from COST Action CA19111 NEWFOCUS, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology):

If you have a publication (conference or journal publication) with two different member states involved, we kindly but firmly ask you to put the following Acknowledgement in the work: “This publication was based upon work from COST Action NEWFOCUS CA19111, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)


  • – P. A. Haigh, M. M. Abadi, Z. Ghassemlooy, N. T. Quang, S. Thai Le and N. T. Hung, “Analysis of a Real-Time FSO System Utilizing Xia and SRRC Pulses in Multi-Band Carrier-Less Amplitude and Phase Modulation,” in IEEE Access, vol. 12, pp. 21004-21011, 2024, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2023.3340038. 
  • – M. Mayahi, V. Loscrì, and A.M. Vegni, “INVISIBLE 2.0: an Enhanced Interference-based Handover Technique for Visible Light Communications in Vehicular Networks” to appear in Elsevier Computer Networks, 2024
  • – K. Palitharathna, A.M. Vegni, P.D. Diamantoulakis, H.A. Suraweera, and I. Krikidis, “Handover Management through Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces for VLC under Blockage Conditions,” accepted to Proc. of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2024), May 19-22 2024, Singapore.


  • – R. Zia-ul-Mustafa, O. I. Younus, H. Le Minh, Z. Ghassemlooy and S. Zvánovec, “A Single LED-based Indoor Visible Light Positioning System – Recent Trends and the Impact of Ambient Light on Positioning Accuracy,” 2023 South American Conference On Visible Light Communications (SACVLC), Santiago, Chile, 2023, pp. 112-117, doi: 10.1109/SACVLC59022.2023.10347574.
  • – O. I. Younus, V. Matus, L. Rodrigues, Z. Ghassemlooy, L. N. Alves and E. Bentley, “Experimental Demonstration of an Optical Camera Communication System Using a Large Off-the-Shelf LED Panel,” 2023 South American Conference On Visible Light Communications (SACVLC), Santiago, Chile, 2023, pp. 88-93, doi: 10.1109/SACVLC59022.2023.10347680
  • L. Hudcová, R. Róka and M. Kyselák, “Atmospheric Turbulence Models for Vertical Optical Communication,” 2023 33rd International Conference Radioelektronika (RADIOELEKTRONIKA), Pardubice, Czech Republic, 2023, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/RADIOELEKTRONIKA57919.2023.10109052.
  • – R. Róka, L. Hudcová, A. Koval’ová and A. G. Armada, “Effects of the Multi-Beam Optical FBMC Technology with Applied Data Separations in Optical Wireless Communications,” 2023 33rd International Conference Radioelektronika (RADIOELEKTRONIKA), Pardubice, Czech Republic, 2023, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/RADIOELEKTRONIKA57919.2023.10109036.
  • – M. W. Eltokhey, M. A. Khalighi, Z. Ghassemlooy and V. Jungnickel, “Handover-Aware Scheduling for Small-and Large-Scale VLC Networks,” in IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, doi: 10.1109/TNSM.2023.3328927.
  • – Ara, R., Lee, I.E., Ghassemlooy, Z., Chung, G.C., Pang, W.L. (2024). Error Performance of Relay-Assisted Free-Space Optical Communication Links Over Atmospheric Turbulence Channels. In: Yang, XS., Sherratt, R.S., Dey, N., Joshi, A. (eds) Proceedings of Eighth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology. ICICT 2023. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 695. Springer, Singapore.
  • – Xiangyu Wan, Bangjiang Lin, Zabih Ghassemlooy, Tianming Huang, Jiabin Luo, and Yongqi Ding, “Non-line-of-sight optical camera communications based on CPWM and a convolutional neural network,” Appl. Opt. 62, 7367-7372 (2023)
  • – A.M. Vegni and M. Biagi, “A Threefold Layered Optical Wireless Network: Illumination, Communication and Positioning,” accepted to Optics Express, 2023.
  • – C. I. Del Valle Morales et al., “Characterization of a Perovskites Photovoltaic-based Optical Receiver,” 2023 South American Conference On Visible Light Communications (SACVLC), Santiago, Chile, 2023, pp. 94-99, doi: 10.1109/SACVLC59022.2023.10347709.
  • – G. I. Uleru, M. Hulea, O I Younus, Z Ghassemlooy, and S. Rajbhandaru: Electro‐ optical spiking neural networks using an enhanced optical axon with pulse amplitude modulation and automatic gain controller. IET Optoelectron. 17(4), 175–183 (2023).
  • – V. N. Yokar, H. Le-Minh; Z. Ghassemlooy; O. I. Younus; L. N. Alves; W.L. Woo; T. Almutairi, “Smartphone Beam Profile in a Screen-to-Camera-Based Optical Communication System,” 2023 17th International Conference on Telecommunications (ConTEL), Graz, Austria, 2023, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ConTEL58387.2023.10199032.
  • – A. Dowhuszko, L. Rodrigues, L. Nero Alves, M. Morales Cespedes, V. Matus, R. Perez-Jimenez, J. Rufo, A. Romano, A.M. Vegni, and I. Chinazaekpere Ijeh, “Optical Wireless Communications for underwater monitoring and smart indoor farming applications,” in Proc. of IEEE 9th World Forum on Internet of Things, 12–27 October 2023, Aveiro, Portugal.
  • – A.M. Vegni, M. Biagi, and V. Loscrì, “On the Impact of Mobility on the Underwater Optical IoT Architecture for Positioning and Communication,” in Proc. of the 1st Workshop on Optical Wireless Communication and Networking in conjunction with IEEE PIMRC 2023, September 5-8, 2023, Toronto, Canada.
  • – R. Xiao, A. M. Vegni, P. Combeau, V. Loscrì, and L. Aveneau, “Performance Evaluation of Underwater Visible Light Positioning Algorithms using Realistic Propagation Model,” in Proc. of the 1st Workshop on Underwater Communication, Access and Networking (U-CAN), in conjunction with IEEE ICC 2023, 28 May 2023, Rome, Italy.


  • First White paper, July 2022 [pdf]
  • – A.M. Vegni and P. Diamantoulakis, “Proactive Handover Mechanism for Blockage Avoidance in Indoor VLC Networks,” in Proc. Of the 18th International Conference on Mobility, Sensing and Networking (MSN 2022), December 14-16, 2022, Guangzhou, China. INVITED PAPER.
  • – I. C. Ijeh, M. A. Khalighi, M. Elamassie, S. Hranilovic and M. Uysal, “Outage probability analysis of a vertical underwater wireless optical link subject to oceanic turbulence and pointing errors,” in Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 439-453, June 2022, doi: 10.1364/JOCN.454191.
  • – C. Jurado-Verdu, V. Guerra, J. Rabadan, and R. Perez-Jimenez, “Deep learning for signal clock and exposure estimation in rolling shutter optical camera communication,” Opt. Express 30, 20261-20277 (2022), doi:
  • – A. Koval’ová, L. Hudcová and R. Róka, “Optical Ray Transfer Matrix Model of the Turbulence Cell Cascade,” Radioengineering 2022, 31, 4. doi: 10.13164/re.2022.0520
  • – R. Róka, L. Hudcová and A. Koval’ová, “The Performance Analysis of the FSO System Utilization in the Long Reach PON Network using the HPON Network Configurator,” 2022 45th International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), Prague, Czech Republic, 2022, pp. 164-168, doi: 10.1109/TSP55681.2022.9851251.
  • – I. C. Ijeh, O. Haddad, M. A. Khalighi, “Ergodic Capacity of a Vertical Underwater Wireless Optical Communication Link Subject to Misalignment,” 2022 4th West Asian Symposium on Optical and Millimeter-wave Wireless Communications (WASOWC), Tabriz, Iran
  • – T. Essalih, I. C. Ijeh, O. Haddad, M. A. Khalighi, “Influence of MPPC Parameters on the Performance of Underwater Optical Links,” 2022 4th West Asian Symposium on Optical and Millimeter-wave Wireless Communications (WASOWC), Tabriz, Iran
  • – A. Dowhuszko and B.G. Guzmán, “Closed form approximation of the actual spectral power emission of commercial color LEDs for VLC,” IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, pp. 1-9, Mar. 2022. Accepted. DoI: 10.1109/JLT.2022.3158188
  • – T. Kamalakis, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Zvanovec, and L.N. Alves, “Analysis and simulation of a hybrid visible-light/infrared optical wireless network for IoT applications,” Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 14, 69-78 (2022). DoI: 10.1364/JOCN.442787


  • – J. Bas and A. Dowhuszko, “On the use of NB-IoT over GEO satellite systems with time-packed optical feeder links for over-the-air firmware/software updates of machine-type terminals,” Sensors, vol. 21, no. 12, p. 3952, June 2021. DoI: 10.3390/s21123952
  • – J. Bas and A. Dowhuszko, “End-to-end performance of an uplink NB-IoT transmission relayed on a low-altitude UAV platform with non-orthogonal single-carrier FDMA in the optical wireless backhaul link,” Special Issue on Mobile Networks, Springer, pp. 1-22, June 2021.
  • – J. Bas, J.A. Ortega, M. Busquets, and A. Dowhuszko, “Indoor monitoring system based on ARQ signaling generated by a Visible Light Communication link,” in Proc. IEEE Global Communications Conference, Madrid, Spain, pp. 1-6, December 2021. DoI: 10.1109/GLOBECOM46510.2021.9685169
  • – M. Grillo, A. Dowhuszko, M.-Ali Khalighi and J. Hämäläinen, “Resource allocation in a quantum key distribution network with LEO and GEO trusted-repeaters,” in Proc. International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, Belin, Germany, pp. 1-6, September 2021. DoI: 10.1109/ISWCS49558.2021.9562139.
  • – C. Stefanovic, M. Morales-Céspedes, R. Róka and A. G. Armada, “Performance Analysis of N-Fisher-Snedecor F Fading and Its Application to N-Hop FSO Communications,” 2021 17th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS), Berlin, Germany, 2021, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ISWCS49558.2021.9562174.
  • – R. Róka, C. Stefanovic, M. Morales-Céspedes and A. G. Armada, “Performance Analysis of the FBMC Modulation Format in Optical Fiber and Wireless Communications,” 2021 17th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS), Berlin, Germany, 2021, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ISWCS49558.2021.9562137.
  • – J. A. Apolo, B. Ortega and V. Almenar, “Hybrid POF/VLC Links Based on a Single LED for Indoor Communications,” Photonics vol 8 (7), 254 (2021). DoI: 10.3390/photonics8070254
  • – M. Hammouda, A.M. Vegni, and V. Loscrí, “On the Noise Effect on Fingerprinting-based Positioning Error in Underwater Visible Light Networks,” Sensors 2021, 21, 5398. DoI: 10.3390/s21165398
  • – A. Burton, P. Chvojka, P.A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and S. Zvanovec, “Optical Filter-Less WDM for Visible Light Communications Using Defocused MIMO,” Electronics 2021, 10, 1065. DoI: 10.3390/electronics10091065
  • – O.I. Younus, N.B. Hassan, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Zvanovec, L.N. Alves, and H. Le-Minh, “The Utilization of Artificial Neural Network Equalizer in Optical Camera Communications,” Sensors 2021, 21, 2826. DoI: 10.3390/s21082826
  • – E. Eso, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Zvanovec, J. Sathian, M.M. Abadi, and O.I. Younus, “Performance of Vehicular Visible Light Communications under the Effects of Atmospheric Turbulence with Aperture Averaging,” Sensors 2021, 21, 2751. DoI: 10.3390/s21082751
  • – V. Matus, V. Guerra, C. Jurado-Verdu, S. Zvanovec, and R. Perez-Jimenez, “Wireless Sensor Networks Using Sub-Pixel Optical Camera Communications: Advances in Experimental Channel Evaluation,” Sensors 2021, 21, 2739. DoI: 10.3390/s21082739
  • – L. Rodrigues, M. Figueiredo, and L.N. Alves, “Optimized Analog Multi-Band Carrierless Amplitude and Phase Modulation for Visible Light Communication-Based Internet of Things Systems,” Sensors 2021, 21, 2537. DoI: 10.3390/s21072537
  • – M. Hulea, G.I. Uleru, and C.F. Caruntu, “Adaptive SNN for Anthropomorphic Finger Control,” Sensors 2021, 21, 2730. DoI: 10.3390/s21082730
  • – H.B. Eldeeb, E. Eso, E.A. Jarchlo, S. Zvanovec, M. Uysal, and Z. Ghassemlooy, “Vehicular VLC: A Ray Tracing Study Based on Measured Radiation Patterns of Commercial Taillights,” in IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. DoI: 10.1109/LPT.2021.3065233
  • – X. Li, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Zvánovec, P.A. Haigh, “A 40 Mb/s VLC System Reusing an Existing Large LED Panel in an Indoor Office Environment,” Sensors 2021, 21, 1697. DoI: 10.3390/s21051697
  • – N.A. Androutsosa, H.E. Nistazakisa, M.I. Petkovic, G.T. Djordjevic, A.N. Stassinakis, and C.K. Volos, “Multi-hop DF relayed FSO links with various modulation formats emulated by a dual-hop scheme for strong turbulence conditions”, Optik, Volume 227, 2020, 165972. DoI: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2020.165972
  • – Y. Xiao, P.D. Diamantoulakis, Z. Fang, L. Hao, Z. Ma and G.K. Karagiannidis, “Cooperative Hybrid VLC/RF Systems with SLIPT,” in IEEE Transactions on Communications. DoI:10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3051908
  • – N. Chaudhary, O.I. Younus, L.N. Alves, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Zvanovec, and H. Le-Minh, “An Indoor Visible Light Positioning System Using Tilted LEDs with High Accuracy,” Sensors 2021, 21, 920. DoI: 10.3390/s21030920
  • – A.K. Garg, V. Janyani, B. Batagelj, N.H.Z. Abidin, and M.H.A. Bakar, “Hybrid FSO/fiber optic link based reliable & energy efficient WDM optical network architecture”, Optical Fiber Technology, Volume 61, 2021, 102422, ISSN 1068-5200. DoI: 10.1016/j.yofte.2020.102422
  • – G.T. Djordjevic, D.N. Milic, and I.D. Radojkovic, “Performance of free-space optical systems in the presence of receiver imperfections”, International Scientific Conference of Communications, Information, Electronic and Energy Systems (CIEES 2020), 26th-29th November 2020, Borovets, Bulgaria, in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 1032, no. 1, p. 012002. DoI: 10.1088/1757-899X/1032/1/012002
  • – M. Hulea, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, O.I. Younus, and A. Barleanu, “Optical Axons for Electro-Optical Neural Networks,” Sensors 2020, 20, 6119. DoI: 10.3390/s20216119